Which Path is the Shortest

One of my favorite action movies features a chase between two limousines. The two limousines are trying to reach a building in a certain amount of time while still obeying the traffic rules. My friend and I thought it would be cool if we could do the same thing in our own area. We selected a location for the limos to arrive at, rented 2 limos from a Toronto limousine service, and arranged for the drivers to follow our instructions to get to a location. My friend and I had two different paths to the location planned out.

If my path to the location was better than my friend’s, then I would win $1000 from him and bragging rights. Continue reading

It’s never late to learn

In our time, when there are broad opportunities for travel to other countries, not only on holidays, but also study or work abroad, the knowledge of a foreign language has become particularly important. Even heading abroad for a holiday, you will feel confident, having a minimum set of phrases if not in the language of that country, but at least in English which is known by many people around the world. And as for studying or professional work without the knowledge of a foreign language can not do, and on a far deeper level than is needed for domestic purposes. You will have to take a considerable amount of complex information on a level with native speakers.


The increasing number of adults begins to learn a foreign language – 2Polyglot. If you ignore the call of time, don’t spend time on development of new programs and the development of new methodological approaches, one day you may find yourself in the list of outsiders.


Unlike university students, working adults, staring learning a foreign language, wait for quick results in a short time. They can be understood: a foreign language is one of the basic conditions for career growth. Grown-ups hardly agree with the need to spend several years for learning of the language. Why do you need to waste your time for searching a good tutor if you can choose a suitable one on site 2Polyglot? Here you can find experienced specialists in any language!
Very often teachers transfer their own experience of learning a foreign language on students. However, adult English classes are not the subject of the school or university program. At the end of courses, they do not aim to teach the language or to work as a translator. They are learning the language in pragmatic purposes – to be able to communicate with business partners, to travel, without resorting to the services of interpreters, study professional literature, write reports and have negotiations.

The effective means to overcome the resistance or manifestation of distrust in the initial phase of study can serve as a discussion of the aims of the lessons in the short term. Working adults are able to operate with periods of 2 or 4 months, if we talk about language classes.

Adult students, as well as the children, need positive refreshments. It is important to create the illusion of achieving regular success for a successful complication of the classes, even in small things. The sense of progress comes, if it is possible to perform a simple task. The teacher, estimating the job, may remind that it caused difficulties two weeks ago but now they are successfully overcome. Of course, children absorb new knowledge better than grown-ups. However, numerous examples show that you can start learning something new at any age.

The same situation was with me until recently. Our modern society makes new demands for us every day. It’s difficult to imagine a person who doesn’t know at least one foreign language. It was shameful for me that some my colleagues knew even several languages but I didn’t. I shared my problem with my best friend and she advised me 2polyglot.com. There is a great variety of teachers on service http://2polyglot.com/ . You can look through their profiles where there is information about their education, achievements and experience. It is very convenient, isn’t it? Besides, my tutor suggested an intensive program for learning the French language. Today my knowledge is rather good and I am planning to continue learning French in the future, too. So, as you see it is never late to learn, no matter if it is a foreign language or something else!





Schools and Other Organizations Need to Find Reasonable Mascot Costumes For Sale

Most schools will have their own mascot that will represent their teams and everything about the school. This is something that is a lot of fun and can keep the crowd cheering. Most people want to get a good deal when they find mascot costumes for sale.

There are a lot of possibilities for the type of costume. They may be made into animals or other things. The material that they are made out of will greatly affect the price and many other things about the costumes.

A school will have many opportunities for someone to wear the mascot costume. They may have assemblies at the school during school hours. They may also have sporting events, such as games.

The mascot needs to be able to keep the team motivated. They also need to make sure that they are comfortable at the same time. Anyone who has ever worn a costume, like this, knows how hot they can be.

It is important to replace them from time to time. There are a lot of costumes that are not easy to clean so they can start looking bad. They could also start to smell horrible.

There are many different sizes that are necessary too. The mascot has to look like the animal that is portrayed in all of the advertising too. It does not have to be only for schools and non-profit organizations either.

There are many companies that have their own mascot. They may focus their attention on children’s toys or games that they love. This is something that many companies will need to do to make sure that they have the attention of their audience.

Once they get that attention, they will need to be able to keep it. A mascot suit is something that becomes very important. Every customer will be ordering something different.

If someone is looking for a replacement mascot suit, they may need to have something custom-made so that it looks exactly like the original one. There are not a lot of places that specialize specifically in a suit like this. They have to be made to last and will last for a long time.

People who are considering purchasing a mascot outfit will have to figure out what material they want, how big to make it and much more. Colors and styles are very important when replacing an existing outfit. Many organizations will have a budget as well.

Choosing a company that is experienced in making these costumes is very important. It does not matter if it is used one time or several times each year. It needs to be durable. Many mascots are up in the stands and cheering people on.

It is important that the uniform itself does not create trip and fall hazards. Whoever is wearing it will need to be able see what is going on around them too. Not everyone realizes how dangerous it can be walking around in a costume that you cannot see what is going on around you.

Many mascots will have someone there to help them, but that should not be something that has to be relied upon. Everybody has something that they like to do differently when they are cheering on a crowd. It is important that they can dance around or just walk around.

Some of these are more motivating for kids than adults. People like to dress up and have fun. Most team mascots costumes that are for sale do not allow people to know who is in the costume either. This allows them to have a couple of people that can cheer on the crowd rather than only having one person.

Afterschool Fun for Elementary School Children

With hot, sunny days of summer adventures behind them, kids can channel the lively camaraderie of summer day camp at fun-filled hours at neighborhood afterschool programs. Designed to give youngsters structured activities and outdoor play as well as well as time to do homework, afterschool programs have grown in popularity as more parents work outside the home. For many kids day camp is a place to make amazing summer memories, and a great afterschool program provides the same active, engaging atmosphere.

Kids love having extra time to play with friends after school, and organized programs offer well-supervised, activity-filled hours at the end of the school day. Offered at elementary schools, community centers and other kid-friendly venues, these programs give youngsters the chance to participate in organized games, free play, arts and crafts, drama, music, gardening and so many other fun and educational activities. Sports and activities can range from horseback riding to science experiments, writing workshops and pick-up basketball games.

By combining academics and activities, afterschool programs help kids grow as individuals and gain self-esteem. For several hours after school, kids take part in group activities, cooperative projects and free play in addition to having a set time for homework. With a friendly, fun-filled atmosphere reminiscent of an old-fashioned neighborhood, programs aim to keep kids busy, happy and engaged until it’s time for parents to pick them. Teachers and counselors are skilled in helping kids play well together, work as a team and stay on top of homework assignments.

Parents love knowing that their elementary age kids are given the chance to play outside with friends, get help with homework or experiment with new endeavors like drama, music or art. Many afterschool programs offer creative a variety of activities including ceramics, woodworking, painting and acting. Programs may be held in facilities that have on-site ceramics studios or woodworking shops, and many have plentiful art supplies to encourage kids to tap into their creative side.

Afterschool programs are great for kids socially. Rather than going home and staying with a babysitter or sitting in front of the TV in an empty house after school, kids can hang out with old friends and make new ones. Whether playing a lively game of tag, jamming on the drums, writing a funny skit or collaborating on a homework project, everything’s more fun when you do it with pals. Counselors are skilled at making sure everyone is included in group games, sing-alongs or skits and know how to encourage kids to work as a team, support each other and get to know new people. Counselors and teachers teach social skills that stress positive reinforcement, encouraging and caring for others.

From special theme days to field trips, talent shows and ping pong tournaments, there’s never a dull moment in a well-run after school program. Kids may take jaunts to local parks, museums or libraries, and special projects can include gardening, cooking or even animal care. Not only are after school programs fun, but the kids are learning a lot without even realizing it, whether it’s measuring out the ingredients for cupcakes or figuring out the best strategy in a game of monopoly or chess.

Commandments for Writing a Proper MBA Assignment

Ideas can be plenty but what makes the going tough is that students fail to carry it forward and maintain the level of the concept. Following certain guidelines can help a long way in delivering the perfect MBA assignment.

A really important factor while doing an assignment is to think very logically regarding the topic. It is very important to have a clear set idea about what the project will have and how it should reflect on the paper finally. If the student is not properly ready with his/her ideas, it will reflect as a half-baked, incomplete sort of assignment paper.

The assignment has already started in its own way. But preparing for it is the main first step in doing it right. There must be actual evidence on the topic of the paper so that the student can get proper points to write for the assignment. Inline referencing for the MBA assignment is the next step in writing the paper as it helps in establishing the idea in writing and making sure one starts off. The writing guide online or in books at times may not be able to provide proper guidance at times. Critical thinking and detailed form of research should be carried out in order to write a good assignment. The whole writing should be properly done up with evidence and formatted structurally. Assignments are the learning ladders for students as they encourage extensive research and analytical thinking in them. The topic selection for the assignment done, the students will need to decide on the citation styles and other tips on how to proceed further.

A good MBA assignment which will score good marks should have well structured consistent writing all through it. Students need to plan all the sections they want to incorporate in their writing and time should be allotted to every single aspect of the project starting from research to writing to editing and revising. A pre conceived idea and proper planning ensures that the assignment will be on track and completed according to specifications.

Give proper time to the project. Seeing it as a burden to your academic work will only make the method more mechanical and the approach will not be how you want it to be. Working under pressure can be good at times but not always, especially when a work required logical and substantial thinking. Take time out for each different portion of the project. Because if not properly devoted time to it, even some of the best students can be devoid of getting good marks just because the teacher may find the project half-ready, or inconsistent.

To help your assignment, read up on all the necessary available research, earlier assignments, and case studies and then determine what theories to use. This will ensure a smooth flow of the process in writing the assignment as the work progresses.

Reasons That The Tiger Mascot Costume Is Popular at Schools

There are a lot of reasons why people will use a certain type of animal for their team mascot. The animals that are fierce in the wild show that the team is a fierce competitor. The tiger mascot costume is one that is quite popular.

There are a lot of things that people are going to need to figure out before they are able to order their costume. They need to figure out what they want it to be, for one. They also need to figure out why they want it to be that animal.

There are many different things that organizations will use their mascot for. It is what the team is known for. If a school’s mascot is the tiger, they will be known as the tigers.

It is fun to be able to dress up and get the team and fans motivated. There are many different wild cat costumes that make them look fierce too. They have a big selection so that schools and organizations in the area will be able to choose different ones.

The popularity of the tiger, lion and more are growing also. There are several different things that people will use though. It depends on the community and what people like.

Every school and community will support what is chosen. They will make the best of this. There are a lot of things that are great for mascots, but it should be able to support to team with the activities of the mascot.

Team mascots are important to help motivate the fans and the community to support their team. The mascot will be the same each year also. They will support them for any type of game, which includes football, baseball, soccer and much more.

Competition is fun between the different schools. It shows the teams how to compete fairly and lets them get excited too. There are a lot of different things that everybody needs to have when they are in a friendly competition.

The costume should represent the school. It should be able to let people be happy about the school and let them have fun. Competitions are not always fun when people lose, but it is important to realize that they are doing it for fun and not for the win, necessarily.

Motivation is part of this scenario too. The mascot costume is there to put a smile on people’s faces and to let them see that they are being supported. Every game is going to be in a different place. Some mascots will travel with the teams while others will only be at the games that are in their home town.

The type of costume and mascot that a team uses can affect how the fans portray the team too. This is something that can affect the amount of support that they are getting. Everybody that orders the costumes will make sure that they have a good quality one. They will have someone wear the costume that is going to cheer on the team and get the community cheering them on too.

Every school will have a different size also. There are a lot of things that every school will be having their mascot doing. A tiger or lion mascot is going to be able to do things that, for example, a sweet natured animal would not do.

Having a tiger mascot costume for a team is going to be a lot of fun for everyone. They can choose many different activities for the mascot. One person can wear the costume or could share it with several people so that one person is not always wearing it. The possibilities are endless.

New Medications for Erectile Dysfunction

I heard about this new medicine, or well I don’t know if it is new. But it is supposed to treat erectile dysfunction and I had never heard of it before. I have tried some things in the past, but have not had any luck. So I am going to check out this site, kamagracanada.com to see how much it will run me to order some of the Kamagra and see how it works for my own issues with erectile dysfunction.

It is pretty embarrassing to have to deal with erectile dysfunction and I wish that there was some sort of permanent cure for this condition. I have not even tried to get lucky in a couple of years, because it is so embarrassing to finally get to bed and not be able to perform. I can’t tell you how much embarrassment I have been through in the past because of incidents like that, and I swore to myself it would never happen to me again.

So if I ever want to get laid again in my life, I am going to have to figure out a way to fix this problem and I hope that I will be able to find a lasting solution to the problem. There is a girl that has been kind of flirting with me recently, but I have not made a move on her because I am afraid that it will lead to something more, and that I won’t be able to perform in the bedroom again. Like I said, I am not going to set myself up for failure again. So I hope to buy this product quickly and test it out and see if it works. Then maybe I can get this girl’s number and we can go on a date or something.

Sometimes Even a Leaky Commercial Roof Only Needs Repaired and Not Replaced

When the top floor needed to have buckets put out in the hallways and in the offices when it rained, it was obvious that the building committee needed to ask for more budget money to fix the roof permanently. They had been budgeting for temporary fixes, and it was the same three spots that were the problem. We called a place that does commercial roof repair in NJ to get an estimate. It turned out that the roof did not actually need to be replaced. They said it should be fine for another 10 years or more. The problem was around three AC units, and it looked to be leftover wind damage from the hurricane winds.

The patch jobs were not done right to be very effective. Continue reading

The Do’s And Don’ts Regarding Payday Cash Loans

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Check out distinct banking institutions, and you will definitely get lots of conditions as being a customer. Financial institutions fee different rates appealing, provide various terms and conditions along with the very same is true for pay day loans. If you are considering being familiar with the options of payday loans, the subsequent report will lose some lighting on the subject.

It is rather vital that you reimburse your cash advance punctually to protect yourself from excessive service fees. Getting extensions can trap a consumer in a period of additional fees and expanding fiscal problems.

Analysis a variety of payday loan businesses prior to settling on one. There are many different companies on the market. A few of which can charge you severe premiums, and charges when compared with other alternatives. In fact, some may have short term deals, that truly make any difference from the total cost. Do your perseverance, and make sure you are getting the best bargain possible.

Pay day loans may help in an emergency, but fully grasp that you could be billed financial charges that will equate to almost 50 % fascination. This big interest can make paying back these financial loans difficult. The amount of money will be subtracted straight from your paycheck and may pressure you proper into the pay day loan place of work for further dollars.

Understand that whenever you sign up for a payday advance, you are going to be forced to pay that rear easily. Guarantee that you will have the desired resources to repay the loan is when 14 days. A single exception to this rule could be as soon as your subsequent pay day slips in the same few days in which the financial loan is acquired. Then it is not because of as fast.

If you are searching for a payday advance, it is rather smart to shop around. There exists tremendous variance in fees and interest rates in one lender to another. Though it might seem you’ve stumbled upon a deal that looks very good, there is likely something which is better still. It is recommended to do detailed study prior to getting a payday advance.

When you have over-employed the help of payday advance businesses, several companies might be able to assist you to. A lot of them will offer totally free help in discussing reduced attention monthly payments or consolidation solutions, which may definitely come in useful should you be trying to break the credit period.

Compile a long list of every debt you possess when receiving a pay day loan. This consists of your health care monthly bills, credit card bills, home loan repayments, and much more. With this collection, you can establish your regular monthly expenses. Compare them to your month to month cash flow. This can help you make sure that you make the most efficient feasible determination for repaying your debt.

Take into account that you might have certain rights when using a payday advance services. If you feel you have been treated unfairly with the loan company in any way, you may data file a problem with the condition firm. This can be as a way to pressure those to comply with any regulations, or situations they fail to fulfill. Usually read through your agreement very carefully. So you know what their responsibilities are, along with your very own.

Usually do not help make your pay day loan monthly payments late. They will likely report your delinquencies on the credit score bureau. This will badly impact your credit rating and then make it even more difficult to get classic financial loans. If you have any doubt that you could pay back it when it is because of, will not obtain it. Discover one more method to get the funds you require.

Reduce your cash advance credit to 20-five percent of your own total income. Many individuals get loans to get more money compared to they could actually imagine repaying in this simple-word fashion. By receiving merely a quarter of your paycheck in bank loan, you are more inclined to have enough money to repay this loan once your income eventually is available.

Make every attempt to pay off your payday advance on time. When you can’t pay it off, the loaning business could force you to roll-over the loan into a replacement. This a different one accrues its unique list of service fees and finance expenses, so officially you will be paying out all those fees two times for the same cash! This is often a significant empty on the bank account, so intend to spend the money for bank loan away quickly.

Having the correct details before applying to get a pay day loan is vital. You have to enter into it calmly. Hopefully, the guidelines in the following paragraphs have ready you to get a pay day loan which can help you, but also a single that you could pay back effortlessly. Invest some time and choose the best business so you have a good knowledge of pay day loans.

Bust Your Myths With a Software Testing Course

But before you join a Software Testing course, here is a small article which draws the line between Myths and Realities of Testing:

Myth: Testing is too expensive.
Reality: It is said, for Testing – Pay less during the software development or more for its correction or maintenance. Testing when begun early can save time and money.

Myth: Testing is time consuming.
Reality: Time consumed by Testing Phase is dependent on the number of bugs/errors found. The more the number of errors, the more will be the time consumed. However, if there are no bugs, testing completes within no time.

Myth: Testing cannot be started until the software/product is fully developed.
Reality: Iterative or incremental approach during the development may reduce the dependency of testing on the fully developed software.

Myth: Complete Testing is possible.
Reality: Wrong. It is possible to test all the paths, but still there might be scenarios which can occur only after deployment and testing these during the testing phase is impossible.

Myth: The tested software must be bug-free.
Reality: There is no absolute certainty that a software application is 100% bug-free. There is a possibility of unanticipated scenarios, thereby resulting in bugs

Myth: Testers are responsible for defects that remain even after testing.
Reality: Due to changing constraints like cost, time and requirements, bugs enter into the software. Even a test strategy can sometimes make the testers miss them.

Myth: Test Automation can be used any time to reduce time.
Reality: The latter part of the myth that it reduces the time is true, but the former that Test Automation can be used anytime during software development is false. Test automation is used only when the code is stable.

Myth: Any one can test a Software application.
Reality: It is generally assumed that software testing is an easy job and can be done by anyone. But it is only a myth. It is almost impossible for an untrained person to explore the code for potential bugs. It is equally difficult for a developer to find errors in his own code

Myth: A tester’s task is only to find bugs.
Reality: Finding bugs is only a part of a tester’s job. Developing test cases, running them, inputting the needed resources, intervening the testing process in complex testing scenarios are some other jobs of tester.

The above Myths and Realities about Software Testing might have inspired you to explore more about it. The main reason for people to believe more in myths than in the truths is lack of knowledge. Most of the graduate programs concentrate so much on software programming that they tend to ignore Testing, while the fact is that both Programming and Testing go hand in hand. To equip young graduates with hands-on practice many institutes are now offering full-fledged Software training courses.

How Afterschool Programs Help Kids With Homework

Now that the fun-filled months at summer day camp are over, kids are back in the classroom reconnecting with old friends, settling in with new teachers and hopefully getting a super start on a fresh school year. Of course, once school is over for the day it’s time to think about how best to get your child to buckle down and do the dreaded task of homework. Rather than argue with your child every night about homework, why not see if you neighborhood has an afterschool program? Kids who like day camp generally love having a time after school to get together with friends in a comfortable, fun environment.

Many children today go home to an empty house at the end of the day to wait for a parent to come home. Hours can be filled with idle pursuits like video games, television or surfing the Internet. Rather than risk your child wasting time or worse, why not sign them up for an afterschool program, available at many schools and organizations nationwide? For an hour or two after school, kids can play outside, take part in organized games and activities, go on field trips or get help with homework. With a set time for homework, these programs help students develop healthy study routines and learn time management skills.

Many afterschool programs have time set aside for completing homework, allowing your child to complete assignments with adult help available if necessary. Not only is he or she more likely to finish homework on time, there will be plenty of help available and a quiet, calm atmosphere in which to work. Somehow, it’s easier to settle down and get that dreaded pile of homework done if your peers are around engaged in similar tasks; camaraderie is a wonderful thing. Kids may work individually, with partners or in a small group.

Having structured time after school is so much better for kids than just hanging around in front of the computer or TV. Many programs get kids outside for some lively games or free play, allowing them to burn off some energy before polishing off that homework before you pick them up. Adults supervising the kids will also have some idea of whether anyone is having trouble with a particular subject or assignment and can share this information with you as a parent. Quiet study centers are available, and children have the added bonus of having reference materials and computers available for help in completing assignments.

An afterschool program can help get your child in a routine of doing homework efficiently and promptly right from the beginning of school. Since it gets harder and harder to catch up once a child is in the habit of not doing assignments, by getting in the homework swing right away, kids have a far better chance of succeeding academically. Teachers like to see homework done, of course, and if your youngster routinely hands in work on time, he or she will generally have a more positive classroom experience.

Best of all, you get to pick your child up knowing that homework is done and you can have a pleasant evening together as a family without having to worry about whether classroom assignments are done. Kids will be happier and more relaxed with homework out of the way and an evening of play and relaxation ahead of them.

Abraham Lincoln – The Man, The Myth, The President

I just finished watching the 2012 film starring Daniel Day Lewis as Abraham Lincoln, Sally Fields as Mary Lincoln and Tommy Lee Jones as Thaddeus Stevens. The film revolves around the life of Lincoln during the period after his reelection in 1864 prior to being sworn in for his second term as President of the United States. This viewing was probably the third or fourth time I watched the film and anytime Hollywood gets a hold of history they always bend the truth. Now, I understand the need to capture an audience’s attention. I also understand the real purpose for the film is to make money. Film critics might say that the movie was accurate in areas and embellished in details to make the movie better for entertainment purposes. There will always be mystery surrounding Lincoln but one thing is for sure, to this day, the men that would sit in the seat of the Presidency would never fill the shoes of Abraham Lincoln. There are many examples of Lincoln’s greatness, but The Gettysburg Address stands on its own.

The Civil War has dragged on for three grueling and bloody years, and citizens from both the north and the south tired of the carnage and were eager for it to end. Gettysburg started a string of Union victories, and Lee was being pushed back south of the Mason Dixon line. Union victory finally seemed a possibility. Lincoln had found himself becoming a popular president among the common man. It was a perfect scenario for him to use to get the 13th Amendment passed. He had come a long way in 4 years. Most of the high society and politicians still scoffed at his demeanor, and gangly looks though.

History is a great judge of a leader. A perfect example was the dedication ceremony for the National Cemetery at Gettysburg. The event coordinators hired Edward Everett, a very prominent and respected orator of the day. The President was only invited out of obligation as many a reporter wrote prior to the event that the President was an uncoordinated windbag and would be a waste of time to listen to. The committee sent an invitation to President Lincoln saying, “It is the desire that, after the Oration, you, as Chief Executive of the nation, formally set apart these grounds to their sacred use by a few appropriate remarks.” Even the invitation showed a sense of disdain for the President, “just a few appropriate remarks.”

Scheduled to speak first was Everett, and he gave a very eloquent speech that lasted about two hours and resulted in a moment in time that hardly a person today even remembers let alone that he even spoke. Lincoln quietly rose from his seat and pulled a folded piece of paper from his jacket and started reading his address that he just wrote on the train ride to the ceremony. He only spoke for about two minutes. Not even long enough for the photographer to get his camera ready and to shoot. The cameraman himself expecting the President to linger in his speech, figured he would have plenty of time to get a shot. As history would have it, there is only one blurry photograph of Lincoln as he was sitting back down after his speech. The crowd remained hush as the President concluded and sat back down. Only a delayed and scattered applause. A legend states that Lincoln turned to his bodyguard and commented that his speech, like a bad plow, “won’t scour”. Although there is no proof Lincoln said that it could easily be imagined based on our knowledge of Lincoln’s personality.

The next day Everett wrote the President. Everett obviously did not miss the importance and weight of Lincoln’s speech wrote him saying, “I should be glad if I could flatter myself that I came as near to the central idea of the occasion, in two hours, as you did in two minutes.”

That is how I think of Abraham Lincoln, a man who had a way with words. Quite, even keeled and a gentle hearted person. Is this a true picture? No, but I think it is close enough to accurate that if we knew the true details that the story would not be far off-center. It is a fact that he was a deep feeling man. He struggled with depression for multiple and understandable reasons, but this is what makes this man great, he accomplished all that he did while battling his personal issues. The man held the union together, ran a 4 year civil war which claimed the lives of over 600,000 men. He lost a young son to sickness and had a wife who was even more emotionally unstable than he was. Mankind will never see a man of this caliber again.

Educate Ultrasound Technician Students for the Future

The transformation of the health care industry is underway due to the national effort to lower health care costs by embracing technology more efficiently and effectively. Technology is changing the health care industry by enabling more accurate diagnosis through the use of non-invasive procedures. With this trend is the expansion in the use of sophisticated medical ultrasound or Doppler units to diagnose medical issues. The equipment is only useful when operated by a trained, educated ultrasound technician who is comfortable using cutting edge, sophisticated technology.

Technology Sophistication Ahead of Its Time
The science of ultrasound imaging is ahead of its time. Diagnostic Medical Sonographers have been performing non-invasive procedures using the latest technology for decades. However, the growing emphasis today on developing non-invasive procedures for expanded diagnostic purposes is encouraging research in the development of ever more sophisticated imaging equipment. The research and development of new ultrasound imaging techniques are exciting.

For example, a new technique was recently developed to track the representation of odors in rat brains. The study was conducted by two teams led by Mickael Tanter and Hirac Gurden at Paris University Diderot (published in July 15, 2014 “Neurolmage”). The new ultrasound imaging technique will help scientists further unravel the functioning of the systems in the deep brain where olfactory relays are found. In a hugely simplified explanation, an odor triggered blood volume increases in certain brain areas, leading to activated neurons. Developing the ability to create ultrasound images of the activity means that one day sonographers will use sonographic imaging procedures for diagnosis of medical issues in the deepest brain structures.

Ultrasound was recently used, with MRI guidance, to deliver high-intensity focused sound waves to destroy a tumor. A 16-year Canadian boy had osteo osteoma, and was the first case in which a completely non-invasive produces was used to destroy the bone tumor. There are now plans to continue developing more complex ultrasound procedures for incisionless treatment of other medical conditions that have required at least minimally invasive approaches. The doctor who performed this breakthrough ultrasound procedure – Dr. James Drake, Head of the Division of SickKids’ Centre for Image-Guided Innovation and Therapeutic Intervention – anticipates ultrasound will soon play a role in other surgical areas like pediatric stroke and soft-tissue tumors.

The trend towards using non-invasive therapy makes sense for many reasons:

  • Reduces patient risk
  • Reduces patient recovery time
  • Can be used on children and adults of all ages
  • Reduces cost of treatment

Healthcare reform in the United States is providing impetus for advancing sonographic imaging technology. Most people are familiar with the Affordable Care Act of 2010 by now since implementation has started. However, they may not be aware of the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act (HITECH Act) passed in 2009 as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.

The HITECH Act is primarily focused on electronic health records and creation of a national health care infrastructure, as opposed to specific medical procedures. However, one of the goals is to develop a more cost-effective, high-tech health care system so the HITECH Act has been a catalyst for looking at technology at all levels of the health care system. In other words, sonographers must be comfortable using technology to deliver medical services and for maintaining patient records.

A “Higher Tech” Future
Lowering health care costs through the use of technology has also led to an increasing shifting of procedures from medical centers to physician offices and outpatient clinics. There is little doubt that the future holds new mobile ultrasound technology that will enhance delivery of services into areas where ultrasound imaging equipment is not accessible.

Anyone who chooses to go into Diagnostic Medical Sonography should only attend a CAAHEP accredited ultrasound technician program because it has been reviewed for quality. In this case, quality refers to how well the program trains sonography students to enter the sonography field in the “real world.” Anyone considering sonography should be interested in learning and mastering technology because it is so integral to everything the ultrasound technologist does while on the job. The sonographer should also have an interest in maintaining knowledge currency because one thing is for certain: Ultrasound imaging technology will just keep getting more sophisticated.